While treatments are given based on different factors, which are the severity of the disease, age, overall health, lifestyle and effectiveness of the medicine.
For mild and moderate Alzheimer’s disease, medications to reduce symptoms are given to patients. Cholinesterase inhibitors may assist in controlling behavioral changes. They prevent the breakdown of acetylcholine, which is essential for thinking and cognitive functions. Memantine is prescribed for severe Alzheimer’s. It reduces the chemicals that advance symptoms and allow patients to undergo everyday tasks such as going to the bathroom for a few more months.
Some patients are given alternative methods of treatments, such are rehabilitation and therapy. Cognitive stimulation therapy, for example, aims to maintain cognitive functions in patients by hosting activities and exercises that the patients can take part in. Rehabilitation involves a therapist assisting patients on how to re-utilize basic instruments such as a phone or how to undergo daily tasks.
Music therapy is also done to provoke memories and reminiscence. Patients are made to listen to songs from their childhood to trigger memories. It can also reduce aggressive behaviors and anxiety in patients. Patients play instruments that they are previously able to in order to retain memory and visuospatial ability.
Presently, there are no medications to completely cure the disease. Any medications given aim to relieve symptoms, improve quality of life and supply independence for a longer time. However, more clinical trials are being conducted to test out possible treatments for early intervention, such as immunization therapy.